Hubble View into Deep Space
The Hubble Ultra Deep Field (HUDF) contains an estimated 10,000 galaxies. This view represents a very narrow, deep view of the cosmos. Looking into the Hubble Ultra Deep Field is like peering through an 8 ft. long soda straw.
IMPORTANT: The information below is important for you to understand if you are to understand the how and why The Universe and Outer Space are NOT the same but perhaps two different worldly existences.
For your convenience, I condensed and paraphrased the technical copy as best as I could to try and prevent information overload.
NASA's COBE (COsmic Background Explorer) satellite was developed to study the Big Bang and to measure the diffuse infrared and cosmic microwave background radiation (heat) from the early Universe to the limits set by our astrophysical environment, which includes the primary remnant of the explosion.
COBE was launched on November 18, 1989 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California aboard a Goddard-managed Delta launch vehicle and carried three instruments:
DIRBE (the Diffuse InfraRed Experiment) to search for and measure the cosmic infrared background radiation (heat),
DMR (Differential Microwave Radiometers) to map the cosmic microwave background radiation (heat) sensitively precisely, and
FIRAS (Far-InfaRed Absolute Spectrophotometer) to compare the spectrum of the cosmic microwave background radiation (heat) with a precise black-body.
The image above shows a sky map taken with the Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) instrument on NASA's Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) satellite after one (1) year's observations.
This galactic snapshot shows the Universe when it was 380,000 years old — 380,000 years AFTER the Beginning. At that time, The Universe cooled down enough to become transparent to radiation (after the fog of ionized matter cleared.) Galaxies and stars began to form.
In 1992 the COBE satellite had imaged the ultimate "baby pictures" of the universe, revealing the seeds of matter. Like acorns growing into oak trees, astronomers theorize these seeds grew into galaxies, galaxies like our own Milky Way.
Each COBE instrument yielded a major cosmological discovery.
DIRBE has mapped the absolute sky brightness in 10 wavelength bands ranging from 1.25 microns to 240 microns. These data contain the signal from the cosmic infrared background (CIB) and the foreground emissions from extra-galactic sources, our Galaxy, and dust and other sources in our solar system. The CIB represents a "core sample" of the Universe; it contains the cumulative emissions of stars and galaxies dating back to the epoch when these objects first began to form.
The COBE CIB measurements constrain models of the cosmological history of star formation and the buildup over time of dust and elements heavier than hydrogen, including those of which living organisms are composed. Dust has played an important role in star formation throughout much of cosmic history.
DMR has found anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). These anisotropies are interpreted as imprints of the seeds that eventually grew under the influence of gravity into galaxies, clusters of galaxies, clusters of clusters of galaxies, and the large scale structure we see in the Universe today. These tiny variations in the intensity of the CMB over the sky show how matter and energy was distributed when the Universe was still very young. They also give us a clue to how the Universe originated - i.e. how space and time and all the other contents of the Universe came into being.
FIRAS has shown that the cosmic microwave background (CMB) spectrum matches that of a black-body with a temperature of 2.725 +/-0.002 Kelvin (-454.765°F / -270.425°C).
This observation matches the predictions of the hot Big Bang theory and indicates that nearly all of the radiant energy of the Universe was released within the first year after the Big Bang.
1. The measurements show that the cosmic microwave background (CMB) spectrum is well-defined by a single temperature black-body. (A near perfect black-body is exhibited by the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation.) This microwave background radiation (CMB) is the LEFT-OVER HEAT from the Big Bang Beginning.
Wherever this radiation (heat) has been measured, it has been found to be extremely uniform, from one end of the universe to another. The temperature of Outer Space is uniform throughout the entire Universe. These measurements alone strongly limit any possible alternative models to the Big Bang Theory.
2. A sea of cosmic neutrinos permeates the universe.
3. There are new, very tight constraints on the "burst of the expansion" in the 1st trillionth of a second of the Universe birth.
A Cosmic Rosetta Stone
In 2003, higher-resolution images of the seeds were taken by another satellite, the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe, known as WMAP. This 5-year microwave sky map shows a speckled universe of numerous patterns of fine seeds or "ripples," seeds that eventually grew into the galaxies we see today.
WMAP measured the slight temperature fluctuations, which vary by only millionths of a degree. The colors in the above image represent the tiny temperature fluctuations. Red regions are "warmer" and blue regions are "colder." The oval shape is just a projection to display the whole sky, similar to the way the globe of the earth can be represented as an oval.
WMAP measured a remnant of the early universe, the LEFT-OVER radiation (heat), the echo, the residue, the after-flow of the Beginning (Big Bang), it is a measurement of its OLDEST LIGHT, a "fingerprint" of patterns so to speak, which are imprinted on this ancient light.
As the universe expanded over the course of the past 13.7 billion years, this ancient LIGHT lost energy. WMAP sees this LIGHT now as MICROWAVES, and it is the measurement of these microwave patterns that enable us to answer many of the questions surrounding the universe's age, composition and development.
The image above represents a brief illustration of the evolution of the universe over 13.7 billion years. "Inflation" is when there was a burst of exponential growth in the universe. Several billion years later, this expansion gradually slowed as the matter in the universe pulled on itself via gravity.
Strangely enough, recent astronomical data has concluded that the expansion has begun to speed up again due to the repulsive effects of dark energy. (This is another story.)
The red horizontal image spanning across the sky map is our own Milky Way Galaxy. Most astronomers today agree that the world-famous images from WMAP (the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe) satellite show structures of the early universe.
WMAP Galactic Snapshot of the Universe Today
The Book of Genesis
The Book of Genesis—the first chapter in the Old Testament of the Bible and the story of the beginning of our Universe—is perhaps the most misinterpreted story in all literature. The story is said to be written by Moses sometime between 1450 - 1410 BC, although some scholars believe the story was a collaboration of sources/writers.
In any case, since 1450 - 1410 BC, science has revealed a much different account of "The Beginning" of the Universe than the story Moses authored in the Bible.
• Today, we have the Hubble Telescope and a huge array of special scientific instruments and satellites that can study the Universe in ways unimaginable in Moses' time.
• Today we can "see" into our astronomical past.
• Today we can "see" The Universe as it was very near it's VERY beginning, and I think we can all agree that it's beginning was quite different from Moses' account.
The Problem with Genesis
The problem with Genesis is that if the passages are shown to be historically incorrect, then the story of Adam and Eve, Garden of Eden and Fall of Man are fables, and the whole foundation of Christianity collapses.
If there is no Fall of Man and no alienation between God and Man, then there is no need for a Savior, which would negate the need for Jesus' execution and resurrection. Imagine that. Imagine an entire religion based on, and relying on, one single story.
A Uniform Temperature of "Outer Space"
Do you remember our definitions of "The Universe" and "Outer Space?"
"The Universe" consists of ALL MATTER, ENERGY and MOMENTUM, whether we can see it with our naked eye or not, and the physical laws and constants that govern them, including such things as hydrogen plasma and electromagnetic radiation.
"Outer Space" (the Space or Container?) where everything that physically exists exist; the entirety of space and time, all forms of MATTER, ENERGY and MOMENTUM, and the physical laws and constants that govern them, including the "space" between galaxies, stars, planets, moons, all celestial matter, etc.
The Smoking Gun
For many years, scientists have been trying to measure the microwave radiation (heat) that permeates all parts of the Universe. This radiation was believed to be the LEFT-OVER heat from the original Beginning.
Today, thanks to the WMAP satellite, this radiation (heat) has been found and measured, and it is extremely uniform throughout the Universe, which does not make sense to a Universe that is not uniform but "clumpy" (ie. composed of galaxies, stars and voids.)
Based on the WMAP satellite research data, it is now a known FACT that the temperature of Outer Space is strangely, a uniform 2.725 +/-0.002 Kelvin throughout the entire Universe, from one end to another — that's -454.765°F or -270.425°C.
The temperature of Outer Space was a frigid 2.725 above absolute zero (-454.765°F / -270.425°C) at or very near its beginning 13.7 billion years ago, and it is the same temperature today, 13.7 billion years later, far, far away from its original beginning.
How is this possible?
Given the Big Bang theory is true, there should be a correlation between the matter in the Universe (ie. galaxies, stars, etc.) that emit heat and the corresponding microwave radiation temperature of "Space." But there is NOT.
The temperature of "The Outer Space" can NOT be the same throughout the Universe if the Universe has been expanding and cooling since its beginning, and we now know the Universe has been expanding and cooling since its beginning.
One more time. We should see a temperature variation of "Outer Space" between The Universe's beginning (13.7 billion years ago) and today, but we do not.
IMO, there can only be two explanations:
(1) "Outer Space" was created a fraction of a fraction (< one trillionth?) of a second BEFORE "The Universe" AND expanded FASTER than The Universe, faster than the speed of light, which was the velocity the Universe was expanding at the time!
Faster than the Speed of Light? Yes. (more on that later.)
- OR -
(2) "Outer Space" was always there BEFORE "The Beginning" of "The Universe."
"Outer Space" had to exist BEFORE "The Universe."
Could this be "The Universe" Albert Einstein had calculated to be infinite and eternal, had always existed, not created, and that it was everlasting?
Let's examine the Big Bang Theory from a scientific, esoteric, and mystical perspective
HUDF - Wikipedia